Rouen Castle was built by Phillip II of France from 1204 to 1210 following his capture of the duchy of Normandy from John, duke of Normandy and King of England. It played a military role in the Hundred Years' War and the Wars of Religion. It was the main seat of power, administration, and politics in the ducy of Normandy for nearly 400 years.
Joan of Arc was imprisoned here in December 1430 and tried from Feb 21 to May 23 1431.
Like many early medieval forts, it was vulnerable to artilery and was dismantled in 1591 by Henry IV of France.